The ancient city of Ainos was established on top of 4 hills. Three of these hills are on the South side, on top of one of which lies the Acropolis. (Resim 6)Due to the destruction caused by the building activity of later periods, it is impossible to point out the exact lines of the ancient city walls. The core of the ancient city has been formed around today’s castle area.
Without doubt, in Enez city walls, inner harbour, and piers which lie West of the city walls are some of the most well-preserved and nearly intact remains which survived to our day.
The castle which was both the acropolis hill and the first settlement of Enez has two vaulted doors, one at the East and the other at the North side. The city walls are 740 m. in length, 2m. in depth and reach a height of 25 m. in some places; they are fortified with round, rectangular and polygonal towers. (Resim 7).
The inner harbour which lies on the West side of the castle, is protected by piers and towers on the North and the South sides. The South pier stretches 130m. from East to West and is supported by five towers with different ground plans.
The remains of the North pier are 80 m. in length, at the end of which there is a tower with a square ground plan. The remains reveal that the pier was built during the Hellenistic period and was enlarged with additions during the Byzantine period.
There is great damage both on the castle walls and also on the piers and towers which protect the harbour. The South side of the walls which were restored during the Byzantine and the Ottoman periods has been res- tored once more by the Turkish Ministry of Culture and the Department of Cultural Assets and Museums, in the year 1994. (Resim 8)
In the trenches within the castle (acropolis), on top of the main rock, underneath a soil layer of 7.50 m., terracotta remains that date back to the 4th and 3rd. millennia B.C., reveal that the settlement here dates back to the Chalcolithic period. On top of this layer, which reveals the earliest settlement in Enez, finds that date back to the later Greek settlement period have been unearthed.
Both these layers, and also the black figure and red figure vases found in the necropoli (see further below), bear testimony to the economic and cultural relationships between Enez, the mainland Greece, the Aegean Islands, and the western Anatolian cities.
According to the ancient written sources, along with the documents from the Ottoman archives, Ainos was also producing grain, salt and dried fish as well as oil and wine.
The works of art which were found in the castle excavations and in other areas of the ancient city, reveal that Ainos was influenced by the cities of mainland Greece, of the Aegean Islands, and by Western Anatolia.
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